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Metropolis | German Expressionism

jclarke | Sunday September 13, 2015

Categories: A Level, OCR A Level, Analysis, Film Analysis, Film Industry, Production Companies, Films & Case Studies, Directors, Fritz Lang, World Cinema, Metropolis, Genres & Case Studies, Drama, Science Fiction

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OCR Film Studies Paper 1

Section B: European Cinema History

This section focuses upon the study of at least two major European movements or stylistic developments in film history, characterised by the significant contribution they made and continue to make to film aesthetics. Learners must study one compulsory, distinctly experimental film movement (surrealist film) and one other film movement from a choice of two:

Experimental film – European surrealist film

Learners must study a set pair of two experimental films from the European surrealist film movement of the 1920s and 1930s. The set experimental film pair is equivalent in study to one feature length set film.

  • Un Chien Andalou: Silent film (Buñuel and Dali, 1929)
  • L'Age D'or (Buñuel, 1930) Coming Soon!
In addition to the above, learners must also study at least one other set film. This film should be drawn from one of the other European film movements or stylistic developments listed below:

Other European film movements or stylistic developments

French New Wave

  • The 400 Blows (Les quatre cents coups) (Truffaut, 1959)
  • À Bout de Souffle (Godard, 1960)
  • Cleo from 5 to 7 (Varda, 1962)

German Expressionism

  • The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (Weine, 1920) New!
  • Nosferatu (Murnau, 1922) New!
  • Metropolis (Lang, 1927)


Cinema is always evolving and it’s exciting to witness, to explore and to understand.

Every film reflects the concerns of its time, the particular way of looking at the world in that culture, that society, that time. To fully understand a film, you need to know something of the era that spawned it. As you will have already...

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