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Viewing entries from category: Representation

WJEC AS Film Studies FM2 US Cinema Comparative Study: Dirty Harry and Gran Torino »

Rob Miller | Wednesday September 09, 2015

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC AS, FM2, Section C: US Film Comparative Study, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, American, Directors, Clint Eastwood, Don Siegel, Hollywood Films, Dirty Harry, Gran Torino, Genres & Case Studies, Action, Action Thriller, Drama, Thriller, Western, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Genre, Narrative, Representation

  • Dirty Harry (1971, Don Siegel)
  • Gran Torino (2008, Clint Eastwood)

Centres can choose from a range of different American film texts: the three main areas of study are Messages, Themes and Values, Narrative and Genre, Representation of Time and Place (often linked to messages and values) and Representation of Character. You can compare in Section B but in Section C you must. The above choice of texts reflects films belonging to the same genre but it is very possible to explore two films that encode similar messages and themes from different genres and time periods. Both...

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WJEC AS Film Studies FM2 US Cinema Comparative Study: Goodfellas and American Gangster »

Rob Miller | Monday September 07, 2015

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC AS, FM2, Section C: US Film Comparative Study, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, American, Directors, Martin Scorsese, Ridley Scott, Hollywood Films, American Gangster, Goodfellas, Genres & Case Studies, Crime, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Genre, Narrative, Representation

  • Goodfellas (1990, Martin Scorsese)
  • American Gangster (2007, Ridley Scott)

Centres can choose from a range of different American film texts. The three main areas of study are Messages, Themes and Values, Narrative and Genre, Representation of Time and Place (often linked to Messages and Values) and Representation of Character. You can compare in Section B but in Section C you must. The above choice of texts reflects films belonging to the same genre but it is very possible to explore two films that encode similar messages and themes from different genres and time periods....

[ read full article ] »

International Film Styles: Neorealism »

James Clarke | Friday September 04, 2015

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC A2, FM4, Section A: World Cinema, Analysis, Film Analysis, Film History, Cinema in Context, Film Industry, Censorship & Regulation, Copyright & Licensing, Film Distribution, Film Marketing, Film Publicity, Film Promotion, Production Companies, Films & Case Studies, Non-Hollywood Films, Kes, World Cinema, Rome, Open City, Genres & Case Studies, Neorealism, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

Across the varied and diverse ways in which a film text can encode and emphasise meanings and a specific viewpoint on or presentation of a subject, realism is a key aesthetic and formal choice and approach that has functioned as a key creative direction of so much western expression across literature and the visual arts. This resource, then, explores the characteristics of a particular film style that we call neorealism. It stems from post World War Two Italian cinema and its influence has been felt in cinemas around the world.

In exploring two films as our key texts in...

[ read full article ] »

WJEC AS Film Studies FM1 Exploring Film Form Scheme »

Rob Miller | Thursday July 16, 2015

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC AS, FM1, Analysis, Film Analysis, Film Opening Analysis, Macro Analysis, Micro Analysis, Shot Analysis, Films & Case Studies, Hollywood Films, Grand Budapest Hotel, Gravity, Skyfall, The Shining, Up, Non-Hollywood Films, Submarine, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Genre, Narrative, Representation, Key Skills, Cinematography, Editing, Filming, Mise-en-Scene, Planning, Pre-Production, Reflective Analysis, Production Zone, Moving Image Production

Overview

  • Analysis of a 3-5 min Film Extract – Mise-en-Scene, Cinematography and Editing only: (30 Marks)
  • Creative Project – Planning, Producing and Editing a 2 min approx. film sequence of between 10-25 shots (50 Marks)
  • Reflective Analysis – (10 Marks)

Edusites Film recommends a logical time to introduce the FM1 coursework is in week 6, the second week in October, 1 week before the Half Term. By then, students will have learnt skills of textual analysis in regards to micro and macro features and be fully aware of the requirements of the subject (film analysis is a...

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DVD & Book Store »

Morag Larsen | Friday June 19, 2015

Categories: KS3, GCSE, A Level, Analysis, Film Analysis, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Film Language, Representation, Production Zone, Moving Image Production, Research, Film Research, Scriptwriting, Starters, Storyboarding

Introducing our DVD & Book Resources for Film & Media

Editsense & Filmsense £69.00+VAT (30% off)

image

‘Editsense is a new approach to learning about film language and film-making’.

This is an interactive DVD with excellent, practical examples of film - perfect for teachers of moving image, be it English, Creative and Digital Media or Film Studies.

It has over fifty video examples and includes materials for the introduction and revision of film. There are no audio clips.

The site licence is now available for £69.00+VAT. This is a 30% discount from the original price of...

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The Battle of Algiers (1966) Case Study »

Rob Miller | Wednesday October 29, 2014

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC A2, FM4, Section C: Single Film Critical Study, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, World Cinema, The Battle of Algiers, Genres & Case Studies, Crime, Drama, History, War, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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FM4 Section C Single Film - Critical Study

The whole film can be watched here.

In 2010, The Guardian newspaper published a story entitled “Algeria (national football squad) prepare for World Cup battle by watching The Battle of Algiers.”. Given the centrality of football to our contemporary popular culture, this incident might offer some suggestion of the cyclical power of cultural discourse and the transmission of a given film text’s thematic content in terms of the process of how it is decoded and appropriated by particular audiences at...

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Solaris (Soviet Union 1972) Case Study »

Rob Miller | Wednesday October 01, 2014

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC A2, FM4, Section C: Single Film Critical Study, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, World Cinema, Solaris (1972), Genres & Case Studies, Drama, Science Fiction, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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There are key areas of study that WJEC recommend are explored for FM4 Section C – Solaris, and they are as follows:

  • As a philosophical film about identity and memory

  • The role and function of Hari

  • The undemonstrative character of Kris and the reasons for this

  • Issues of representation in relation to conventions of the Sci-Fi genre

  • The significance of the earth sequences – including the emphasis on nature
  • The overall pace and length of the film

  • Spectatorship issues related to the above and to narrative development

  • The film as...
[ read full article ] »

Movern Callar (2002) Case Study »

James Clarke | Friday September 26, 2014

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC A2, FM4, Section C: Single Film Critical Study, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, Non-Hollywood Films, Movern Callar, Genres & Case Studies, British Film, Drama, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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FM4: Varieties of Film Experience – Issues and Debates Section C: Single Film – Critical Study

Introduction

Lynne Ramsay, the director of the film Morvern Callar has made the valuable observation that “I love to see great dialogue in the cinema but I hate to see ‘Film TV’. When I go to the cinema I want to have a cinematic experience….I like dialogue when it’s used in a way where the body language says the complete opposite…” [1] Ramsay’s emphasis on the importance of the non-verbal is highly relevant in relation to Morvern...

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WJEC AS Film Studies FM2 US Cinema Comparative Study: Gilda and L.A.Confidential »

Rob Miller | Tuesday September 23, 2014

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC AS, FM2, Section C: US Film Comparative Study, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, American, L.A Confidential, Hollywood Films, Gilda, Genres & Case Studies, Crime, Drama, Film Noir, Mystery, Romance, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Representation

Introduction

In this section of the exam you will get a choice of one question from two – an absolute must is that you compare and contrast two films, either from the same genre or that both deal with a specific theme. Genre, narrative and representation are key areas of study - see below examples of past questions:

  1. How far do the American films you have studied convey key themes in similar ways?
  2. How far is the representation of characters in the American films you have studied influenced by the times in which the films were made?
  3. Discuss some of the similarities and...
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Sweet Sweetback’s Baadasssss Song (1971) Case Study »

Rob Miller | Monday September 22, 2014

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC A2, FM4, Section C: Single Film Critical Study, Analysis, Film Analysis, Film Industry, Censorship & Regulation, Film Distribution, Film Marketing, Film Publicity, Films & Case Studies, Non-Hollywood Films, Sweet Sweetback's Baadasssss Song, Genres & Case Studies, Crime, Drama, Independent, Thriller, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Representation

FM4: Varieties of Film Experience – Issues and Debates Section C: Single Film – Critical Study

Section C of FM4 offers students the ability to engage in a critical study of a single film, within a synoptic framework – this means the micro and the macro features need to be studied, as well as issues of representation. Useful will be placing the film in an institutional and cultural context in reference to production, funding distribution, audience, audience reception but also genre and narrative. WJEC do provide, on request a short Reader on each film with a number...

[ read full article ] »

International Film Styles: Surrealism »

Rob Miller | Friday September 19, 2014

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC A2, FM4, Section A: World Cinema, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, Directors, Louis Bunuel, World Cinema, The Discreet Charms of the Bourgeoisie, Un Chien Andalou, Genres & Case Studies, Comedy, Fantasy, Silent, Surrealism, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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Sample Questions

  • How far does cinematic style support themes and ideas in the films you have studied for this topic?
  • Discuss how far the development of your chosen international film style can be seen as the work of particular creative individuals?
  • Discuss characteristic features of casting and/or performance, exploring how far these features contribute the overall effect of the films you have studied.
  • What is the relationship between visual style and the subject matter of the films you have studied?

WJEC Say

“This topic focuses on the...

[ read full article ] »

Recommended A2 Film Studies Theorists »

Rob Miller | Monday September 15, 2014

Categories: A Level, OCR A Level, OCR A2, WJEC A Level, WJEC A2, FM3, FM4, Section A: World Cinema, Section B: Spectatorship Topics, Section C: Single Film Critical Study, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Representation, Theory, Theorists

The following theorists represent a selection of film theorists (from many) whose work can be cited in both A Level Film Studies coursework and external assessment, for both WJEC and OCR. For example, OCR Film Studies Section B F633 suggests: “candidates are encouraged to engage with critical frameworks relevant to the topic area” e.g. Film Regulation, Authorship and Film and Audience Experience while WJEC Film Studies FM4 states that students should: “apply key concepts and critical approaches gained throughout the course to explore film in a synoptic manner”.

In...

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WJEC A2 Film Studies FM4 Section A World Cinema Bollywood A Grade Exemplar »

Rob Miller | Wednesday September 03, 2014

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC A2, FM4, Section A: World Cinema, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, World Cinema, Dilwale Dulhaniya Le Jayenge, Shree 420, Genres & Case Studies, Bollywood, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation, Theory, Auteur Theory

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By comparing the cinematic styles used in the films you have studied for this topic, is it possible to identify a distinctive ‘National Cinema’?

Indian cinema means different things to different people and there are a lot of different cinematic styles originating from the Indian subcontinent. Stereotypically, when western audiences without cultural capital or knowledge think of Indian films the iconic name ‘Bollywood’ comes to mind, or less widely known outside of India, as Hindi films. Bollywood films have come to represent a national...

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F634: Creative Investigation in Film Guide »

James Clarke | Tuesday September 02, 2014

Categories: A Level, OCR A Level, OCR A2, Film Industry, Film Marketing, Films & Case Studies, Directors, Steven Spielberg, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation, Posters, Film Poster Analysis

The purpose of this unit is to assess students’ ability to independently research, investigate and analyse a film based topic and present the findings; secondly, to assess the students’ application of knowledge and understanding to the planning and construction of a creative realisation; and finally, to assess candidate’s application of knowledge and understanding in evaluating their own work.

1. Research

  • Independent Research Project: 40 marks
  • Planning: evidence of planning for a filmed sequence within the field of Film Studies: 10 marks

2. Creative Realisation

  • A...
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Vertigo (Hitchcock 1958) Case Study »

James Clarke | Monday August 18, 2014

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC A2, FM4, Section C: Single Film Critical Study, Analysis, Film Analysis, Film Industry, Film Marketing, Film Publicity, Film Promotion, Films & Case Studies, Hollywood Films, Vertigo, Genres & Case Studies, Mystery, Romance, Thriller, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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Understanding the relationship between the micro and the macro elements of a film is an essential part of our analysis of movies. Every shot, every sound accumulates to form the expression of an idea. Thinking about movies in this way might prompt us to acknowledge that a camera move for example, can express a character’s psychology, sometimes more forcefully and memorably than a line of dialogue could ever do. In the opening scene of Vertigo (1958) as the film’s protagonist Scottie looks down from a great height during a chase, a camera move...

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Ratcatcher Case Study »

James Clarke | Thursday July 10, 2014

Categories: GCSE, WJEC GCSE, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, Non-Hollywood Films, Ratcatcher, Genres & Case Studies, Drama, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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Introduction

Lynne Ramsay’s film Ratcatcher is a key British production of the late 1990s and is notable for its thoughtful and sensitive focus on the representation of a young person. The film explores the representation of childhood, guilt and atonement in a dysfunctional environment. Although on the paper 2, GCSE list of films, Vicky LeBeau’s analysis of the narrative and ideological function that children typically embody in movies can apply when she writes that:

“Closer to the state of infancy, an infans (literally, without language)...

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Modern Times Case Study (Chaplin 1936) »

James Clarke | Monday May 19, 2014

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC A2, FM4, Section C: Single Film Critical Study, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, Hollywood Films, Modern Times, Genres & Case Studies, Comedy, Drama, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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The first image that we see in Modern Times is of a clock - a symbol of the workplace and productivity as Chaplin’s Little Tramp struggles in the modern, industrialised world of which he is so critical during the time of the Great Depression, see more on that here. As such the image is emblematic of the entire film. Modern Times is a silent film comedy that is as ideologically rich and meaningful as a wide range of far more ‘serious’ dramas about ‘serious’ subjects; as evidenced by films such as Schindler’s List (1993) and 12 Years A...

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WJEC A2 FM4 Section C Single Film Critical Study | Talk To Her - Almodovar, 2002 »

James Clarke | Friday May 09, 2014

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC A2, FM4, Section A: World Cinema, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, World Cinema, Talk To Her, Genres & Case Studies, Comedy, Drama, Romance, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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In this resource we will consider the film Talk To Her (2002) and explore some aspects of its film style, by which we mean the choices made by the filmmakers in their deployment of sound and visual elements in the construction of the narrative. As such, we are considering how storytelling devices express a range of meanings and values embodied within the drama. Talk To Her offers an opportunity for us to think about how film (and non Hollywood films, particularly) might have more opportunity than the Hollywood-produced film (typically conservative...

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Rabbit Proof Fence Case Study »

James Clarke | Wednesday April 16, 2014

Categories: GCSE, WJEC GCSE, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, Non-Hollywood Films, Rabbit Proof Fence, Genres & Case Studies, Adventure, Biography, Drama, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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In this resource we will consider the film Rabbit Proof Fence (2002) and explore some aspects of its film style, by which we mean the choices made the filmmakers in terms of how they deploy sound and vision. As such, we are considering the storytelling devices with which the film expresses a range of meanings and values embodied within the drama.

Through the way that the stylistic choices of the film’s producers’ (writer/director/producer/actors/camera/sound/music) function we are able to determine a range of themes and issues in the film...

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WJEC AS/A2 Film Studies Suspension of Disbelief Believing in Make Believe »

Emily Hughes | Tuesday March 18, 2014

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC AS, FM1, WJEC A2, FM4, Section B: Spectatorship Topics, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation, Theory, Spectatorship Theory

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The movies: flickering images running past our eyes at 24 frames per second. They have the power to make us cry, make us sit on the edge of our seat, exhilarate and infuriate but how? The narratives that unfold in front of us are products, made up stories. The events we see on screen are just actors pretending to be other people, increasingly a lot of what we see is so devoid of reality that it is created on a computer through CGI, it’s all just make believe. So how then, does cinema make us believe in the worlds it crafts and care about the...

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WJEC AS Film Studies FM2 Section B British Film Julie Christie Exemplar A »

Karen Ardouin | Monday March 17, 2014

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC AS, FM2, Section B: British Film Topics, Analysis, Film Analysis, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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Section B: British Film Topics

Choose one question from this section.

British Film and Stars

You should discuss a minimum of two British films in your answer and base it on one of the following:

Julie Christie or Ewan McGregor.

5. What are the star qualities that your star brings to the roles they play in your chosen films? [40]

Example Answer

The big five studios were vertically integrated during the Hollywood Studio era from 1930 to 1948. They not only owned the studios, but the exhibition rights and cinemas too. Stars have much more...

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WJEC AS Film Studies FM2 Section B British Film Julie Christie Exemplar C »

Karen Ardouin | Monday March 17, 2014

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC AS, FM2, Section B: British Film Topics, Analysis, Film Analysis, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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Section B: British Film Topics

Choose one question from this section.

British Film and Stars

You should discuss a minimum of two British films in your answer and base it on one of the following:

Julie Christie or Ewan McGregor.

5. What are the star qualities that your star brings to the roles they play in your chosen films? [40]

Example Answer

Stars have much more freedom today, as they used to be part of a 7-year contract under the Hollywood Studio system that ended in 1948. The actress Julie Christie was born in India in 1941, so did not...

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WJEC AS Film Studies FM2 British and American Film Exemplar »

Karen Ardouin | Monday March 17, 2014

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC AS, FM2, Section B: British Film Topics, Analysis, Film Analysis, Genres & Case Studies, British Film, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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Answer three questions – one from each section

Section A – Producers and Audiences

Study the items in Part B of the resource material, which include:

  • Poster for Cowboys & Aliens, released in 2011
  • Extract from a blog discussing film genre
  • Forum discussion on movie genres.

Use this material, together with your own studies, to answer the following question:

How important is genre for audiences and producers? [40 marks]

Item 1: Poster for Cowboys and Aliens, released in 2011

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Item 2: Extract from a blog discussing...

[ read full article ] »

Bollywood 1990 - Present »

Rob Miller | Friday March 14, 2014

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC A2, FM4, Section A: World Cinema, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, World Cinema, Dilwale Dulhaniya Le Jayenge, Shree 420, Genres & Case Studies, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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WJEC A2 Film Studies FM4 Section A World Cinema: Aspects of National Cinema

This section of FM4 Section A: World Cinema does not require a comprehensive study of the period as long as there is some significance in the films chosen, and their relationship to the national cinema to which they belong. It is expected two principal films will be chosen, supplemented by briefer reference to one or two other films. As such, this resource (not an exemplar exam response) will focus on the following texts to give a historical and then a more contemporary...

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Messages and Values in Global Cinema »

Rob Miller | Friday March 14, 2014

Categories: A Level, OCR A Level, OCR A2, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, World Cinema, Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon, Russian Ark, Genres & Case Studies, Action, Drama, Fantasy, History, Romance, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

OCR A2 Film Studies Unit F633: Global Cinema and Critical Perspectives Section A: Messages and Values in Global Cinema

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The study of “two contrasting non-English language texts that derive from different countries of origin”:

  • Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (China, Honk Kong, Taiwan) 2000
  • Russian Ark (Russia, Germany) 2002

Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon

Both films, one a Wuxia martial arts/romance hybrid and the other a historical drama-documentary provide audiences with an understanding of Chinese and Russian culture, within the framework of...

[ read full article ] »

Superhero Film Codes and Conventions »

Rob Miller | Thursday March 13, 2014

Categories: GCSE, WJEC GCSE, Analysis, Film Analysis, Genres & Case Studies, Superhero, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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WJEC GCSE Film Studies Paper 1 Superhero Film Codes and Conventions

It was not until Superman in 1978 that the superhero film genre took off with the film securing critical and commercial success and for many years creating a genre template. This is why when we talk about historical examples of the genre it is difficult to cite examples before 1978 as in terms of cinema the genre has only featured broadly since the late 1970s. Yes, you could talk about Batman on television in 1943 and with Adam West playing the caped crusader in 1966 but this is...

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German Cinema »

James Clarke | Monday March 10, 2014

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC A2, FM4, Section A: World Cinema, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, World Cinema, Metropolis, Nosferatu, The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, Genres & Case Studies, German, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation, Posters, Film Poster Analysis

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WJEC A2 Film Studies FM4 Section A World Cinema International Film Styles: German Cinema of the 1920s

Introduction

One of the most rewarding aspects of Film Studies is to be found in recognising how films produced at one, quite distant moment in time often made long ago, continue to influence more contemporary films with which we might all be more familiar. This is certainly true of the impact of some examples of German cinema produced in the 1920s. If you watch Edward Scissorhands (1990), Bram Stoker’s Dracula (1992), Bringing out the Dead...[ read full article ] »


The Wave Case Study »

James Clarke | Monday March 10, 2014

Categories: GCSE, WJEC GCSE, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, Non-Hollywood Films, The Wave, Genres & Case Studies, Drama, Thriller, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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WJEC GCSE Film Studies Paper 2 Exploring Film Outside Hollywood: The Wave (2008 – Germany)

Introduction

Exploring films that have been produced outside of those made and distributed globally by the Hollywood film studios offers us an exciting opportunity to broaden our horizons: in terms of storytelling (the way of telling, or organizing the elements of a story), the stories themselves become of broader interest in other cultures and their cinemas. Watching films from around the world, rather than only those made by American and British film...

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The Devil’s Backbone Case Study »

James Clarke | Thursday March 06, 2014

Categories: GCSE, WJEC GCSE, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, Non-Hollywood Films, The Devil's Backbone, Genres & Case Studies, Drama, Horror, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

WJEC GCSE Film Studies Paper 2 Exploring Film Outside Hollywood: The Devil’s Backbone (2001 – Spain/Mexico)

Introduction

In his book The Uses of Enchantment, Bruno Bettelheim writes that “The deep inner conflicts originating in our primitive drives and our violent emotions are all denied in much of children’s literature, and so the child is not helped in coping with them. But the child is subject to desperate feelings of loudness and isolation, and often experiences mortal anxiety.” [1]

This means that childhood is stereotypically associated with innocence and...

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Iranian Cinema »

James Clarke | Thursday March 06, 2014

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC A2, FM4, Section A: World Cinema, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, World Cinema, At Five in the Afternoon, Blackboards, Close Up, The Apple, The Wind Will Carry Us, Genres & Case Studies, Iranian, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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WJEC A2 Film Studies FM4 Section A World Cinema Aspects of a National Cinema: Iranian Cinema 1990 - Present

Introduction

Let us start with a piece from what could serve as possible further reading beyond this resource as it suggests the complexity of the subject we are exploring: “for many pious families, going to the cinema was tantamount to committing a sin. The main reason for this was that cinematic representations of women and love upset the delicate dualism which had long attended these topics in Iranian culture.” [1] It seems fair to...

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Persepolis Case Study »

Amy Charlewood | Wednesday February 12, 2014

Categories: GCSE, WJEC GCSE, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, Non-Hollywood Films, Persepolis, Genres & Case Studies, Animation, 1990 Onwards, Biography, Drama, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

WJEC GCSE Film Studies Paper 2 Exploring Film Outside Hollywood: Persepolis (2007)

Introduction and Synopsis

Persepolis (2007) is based on a graphic novel by Marjane Satrapi’s called The Complete Persepolis and is a coming-of-age memoir that tells of the author’s experiences growing up during and in the aftermath of the 1979 Islamic revolution in Iran. Persepolis was also adapted into a 2007 animated film of the same name, written and directed by Satrapi along with Vincent Paronnaud.  The film went on to win the Jury Prize at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival and was...

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Julie Christie: British Film and Stars »

James Clarke | Tuesday February 11, 2014

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC AS, FM2, Section B: British Film Topics, Analysis, Film Analysis, Film Industry, Film Distribution, Film Marketing, Film Publicity, Film Promotion, Production Companies, Films & Case Studies, Non-Hollywood Films, Genres & Case Studies, British Film, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation, Theory, Film Theory

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While we often first think and refer to contemporary examples of film stars when we study film, it’s useful and valuable to consider film stars whose work has featured across several decades. More specifically for us as British audiences, it’s of particular interest to consider British film stars both in terms of the interest of their performances, and also in terms of how these performances offer representations of national identity and gender in combination. Stars are media texts that are encoded and can be decoded for their meanings and...

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WJEC GCSE Film Studies Controlled Assessment Unit 2: Exploring and Creating »

Rob Miller | Friday February 07, 2014

Categories: GCSE, WJEC GCSE, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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Students need to produce one Film Exploration and one Production broken into:

Film Exploration (must be the same film for both tasks)

  • Industry Research: 10 Marks
  • Micro Analysis: 20 Marks

Production

  • Pitch: 10 Marks
  • Pre Production: 20 Marks
  • Production: 30 Marks
  • Evaluative Analysis: 10 Marks

Total: 100 Marks:  50% of GCSE

NB. The Controlled Assessment must not be based on the examined topic, 2013-2015: The Superhero Genre.

WJEC say:

“The work is designed to draw on candidates’ personal experiences of consuming and responding to film and to...

[ read full article ] »

WJEC GCSE Film Studies Paper 2 Exploring Film Outside Hollywood: Tsotsi »

Rob Miller | Thursday January 23, 2014

Categories: GCSE, WJEC GCSE, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, World Cinema, Tsotsi, Genres & Case Studies, Crime, Drama, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

Clips

  • Tsotsi Opening Sequence
  • Tsotsi End Sequence

Further Reading

  • Studying Tsotsi: Judith Gunn (Auteur Publishing)

Awards

  • Best Foreign Language Film - 2006 Academy Awards

Institutional Factors and Representation of People, Places, Events and Issues

Tsotsi (urban slang – thug) is a film based on a novel by Athol Fugard set in the impoverished township of Soweto, Johannesburg in South Africa – Fugard is best known for his plays with political narratives opposing the historical South African system of Apartheid but wrote his only novel Tsotsi in draft form in the 1960s...

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British Film and Genre (Horror and Comedy) »

Rob Miller | Wednesday December 04, 2013

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC AS, FM2, Section B: British Film Topics, Analysis, Film Analysis, Film Industry, Censorship & Regulation, Copyright & Licensing, Film Distribution, Film Marketing, Film Publicity, Film Promotion, Production Companies, Films & Case Studies, Hollywood Films, 28 Days Later, Non-Hollywood Films, Four Lions, Genres & Case Studies, British Film, Comedy, Horror, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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The British Film Industry is successful and thriving but as Jill Nelmes identified in An Introduction to Film Studies can be defined on a number or levels and by a range of “disparate films, genres and movements”. In addition to this there are arguments over what is a British Film and as such, there have been many attempts to define British Film over the years. A useful definition that the BFI proposed in 1996 was that films could be described and culturally and/or institutionally British e.g. commercially successful British Films like the...

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Film and Thatcher’s Britain »

James Clarke | Tuesday December 03, 2013

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC AS, FM2, Section B: British Film Topics, Analysis, Film Analysis, Film Industry, Censorship & Regulation, Copyright & Licensing, Film Marketing, Film Publicity, Film Promotion, Films & Case Studies, Hollywood Films, Chariots of Fire, Non-Hollywood Films, My Beautiful Laundrette, Genres & Case Studies, Comedy, Drama, History, Romance, Sport, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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One of the key issues to be explored in our study of film is that of representation. As such, it’s fair to say that there’s an established, and largely agreed upon, understanding that film, like other media and forms of cultural expression, can reflect back to us aspects of the conditions in which we live or have lived with. Certainly, there’s scope for us to think about how British cinema has, in more or less ‘obvious’ ways, reflected back to us a point of view about a particular British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, and the period...

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The Impact of World War Two on British Cinema »

James Clarke | Tuesday December 03, 2013

Categories: A Level, OCR A Level, OCR AS, Analysis, Film Analysis, Film History, Cinema in Context, Film Industry, Censorship & Regulation, Copyright & Licensing, Film Distribution, Film Marketing, Film Publicity, Film Promotion, Production Companies, Films & Case Studies, Non-Hollywood Films, In Which We Serve, The Life and Death of Colonel Blimp, Genres & Case Studies, Drama, Romance, War, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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World War Two impacted ferociously on Great Britain: cities were attacked by German bombers, air battles were fought and daily life was severely tested over the six years of conflict. It’s understandable though, if the war seems a long, long time ago to you. Cinema, however, offers us a meaningful way to reconnect with, and reflect on the event and to develop a sense of the relationship between World War Two and British cinema. Attendance at cinemas was acutely influenced by the war and, perhaps most interestingly, in terms of the kinds of film...

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Spectatorship and Early Cinema Before 1917 »

James Clarke | Saturday November 30, 2013

Categories: A Level, OCR A Level, OCR A2, OCR AS, WJEC A Level, WJEC A2, FM4, Section B: Spectatorship Topics, Analysis, Film Analysis, Film History, Cinema in Context, Film Industry, Censorship & Regulation, Copyright & Licensing, Film Distribution, Film Marketing, Film Publicity, Film Promotion, Production Companies, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation, Theory, Spectatorship Theory

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Cinema is now nearly 120 years old and it’s a magnificently broad, deep, complex and exciting subject.

It’s understandably easy to think that the way films are now is how they have always been, in terms of their technology and particularly how they organize (tell) their stories. However, this isn’t the case and so it’s important for us to be aware that all forms of cultural expression evolve across time and that they are subject to many influences, intended or not. Understanding how cinema began might, in fact, give us some feeling for...

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Developments in 21st Century Cinema and Film (2000-Present) »

James Clarke | Wednesday November 27, 2013

Categories: A Level, OCR A Level, OCR A2, OCR AS, WJEC A Level, WJEC AS, WJEC A2, Film History, Cinema in Context, Film Industry, Censorship & Regulation, Copyright & Licensing, Film Distribution, Film Marketing, Film Publicity, Film Promotion, Production Companies, Films & Case Studies, Hollywood Films, Avatar, World Cinema, Atanarjuat: The Fast Runner, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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Film is technology. It’s an obvious point, and an essential one.

Film established itself as a symbol of the modern, mechanical age of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century and so it is particularly interesting to now witness how the medium is moving into the digital age. Indeed, we should perhaps talk not of new technology but of now technology because it is so quickly ever changing and evolving. In Western Europe we live in an increasingly digital and electronic age and since 2000 the film industry has witnessed the rapid impact of...

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Aspects of National Cinema: Japanese Cinema »

James Clarke | Monday November 25, 2013

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC A2, FM4, Section A: World Cinema, Analysis, Film Analysis, Film History, Cinema in Context, Film Industry, Film Distribution, Production Companies, Films & Case Studies, World Cinema, Grave of the Fireflies, Seven Samurai, Genres & Case Studies, Japanese, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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WJEC A2 Film Studies FM4 Section A World Cinema: Aspects of National Cinema

Japanese cinema can be understood as a major presence in the international film style context, not only in terms of its own achievement but also for the influence it has exerted on cinema far beyond its borders.  It’s a national cinema with a very specific set of concerns and stylistic traits and with a number of particular contexts that allow the film texts to be understood in all the more interesting ways. In saying that there is such a thing as international cinema,...

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Spectatorship Experimental/Expanded Film: Meshes of the Afternoon & Tarnation »

Amy Charlewood | Tuesday November 19, 2013

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC AS, WJEC A2, FM4, Section B: Spectatorship Topics, Analysis, Film Analysis, Genres & Case Studies, Avant-Garde, Cinéma Vérité, Documentary, Experimental, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation, Theory, Spectatorship Theory

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Definition and Introduction

As one might expect the term experimental cinema is difficult to define clearly and by its very nature avoids simplistic categorisation. Within the movement itself there has been frequent debate over its definition. Fred Camper discusses experimental film-makers such as Peter Kubelka and Stan Brackage who questioned titles like ‘Avant-garde’ for suggesting experimental cinema is intrinsically European, ‘different cinema’ was used for a while but rejected for sounding like it’s at odds with ‘normal cinema’ and even...

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Popular Film & Emotional Response: How Film Produces Emotional Responses »

James Clarke | Monday November 11, 2013

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC A2, FM4, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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All films manipulate audiences and this is one fundamental reasons why we choose to watch a film. It is because we want to experience a change in our emotional condition - we may want to be provoked into laughter, tension, sadness, fear or happiness.

One of the key issues underpinning our exploration of film and the experience of an emotional response to it is the understanding that emotions can be argued to be culturally formed. Chris Barker writes “Emotions are not simply matters of individual interpretation of experience but inevitably a...

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WJEC A2 Film Studies FM4 Section B Spectatorship Documentaries Exemplar »

Karen Ardouin | Monday June 10, 2013

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC A2, FM4, Section B: Spectatorship Topics, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, Non-Hollywood Films, Fahrenheit 9/11, Grizzly Man, Marley, Senna, Super Size Me, Touching The Void, We Are The Lambeth Boys, Genres & Case Studies, Adventure, Biography, Comedy, Documentary, Drama, History, Independent, Music, Sport, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation, Mock Exams, A Level Mock Exams

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With reference to the films you have studied for this topic, how far can it be said that different kinds of documentaries offer different kinds of spectator experiences?

The spectator experience is dependent on a number of factors including environment of reception for example (where it is seen) and specifically purpose, whether to entertain, inform, educate or persuade. Documentaries are diverse in content and can suggest degrees of realism. Mediated content is often apparent in terms of the selection and construction of material or a wholly...

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WJEC A2 Film Studies FM4 Section B Spectatorship Fahrenheit 9/11 Kurt and Courtney Exemplar »

Karen Ardouin | Monday June 10, 2013

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC A2, FM4, Section B: Spectatorship Topics, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, Non-Hollywood Films, Bowling For Columbine, Fahrenheit 9/11, Kurt & Courtney, Genres & Case Studies, Biography, Documentary, History, Music, War, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation, Mock Exams, A Level Mock Exams

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‘A common experience for the spectator when watching a documentary is to be manipulated by the filmmakers’. How far do you agree with this statement? (35)

Generally, documentaries are created in order to impart information and, in the main, to persuade the audience into believing a particular viewpoint. The contract between audience and filmmaker is considered along with the code of ethics with regard to documenting the real. For example, there are questions around the time and space created within the story and the structure and chronology of...

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Popular Film & Emotional Response: Understanding Emotional Responses »

Viki Walden | Monday March 25, 2013

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC A2, FM4, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, Hollywood Films, Schindler's List, Non-Hollywood Films, World Cinema, La Vita è Bella, Genres & Case Studies, Action, Biography, Comedy, Crime, Drama, History, Romance, Science Fiction, Thriller, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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Students can find studying spectatorship challenging.  There are many theories of spectatorship, but starting with the theory can lead students to list theoretical ideas rather than engage with the texts. Let’s not forget this A2 Film Studies unit is about “emotional responses” more than critical ones.

This is a good place to start with students. What is “emotion”? What is “popular film”? And what elements of the film experience trigger emotional responses?

Emotion and Popular Film

The term emotion, as commonly used today, has...

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Living with Crime »

James Clarke | Friday March 22, 2013

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC AS, Analysis, Film Analysis, Film History, Cinema in Context, Film Industry, Film Distribution, Production Companies, Films & Case Studies, Non-Hollywood Films, London to Brighton, Sweet Sixteen, Genres & Case Studies, British Film, Crime, Independent, Social Realism, Thriller, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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Crime and cinema have a longstanding relationship.

Going right back to early cinema one of the landmark silent films was The Great Train Robbery (1903). There is a shot in that film which is overtly referenced as the last shot that we see in the American crime film GoodFellas (1990).

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However, whereas we might argue that the criminal life that’s represented in the Hollywood-produced GoodFellas is somewhat glamourised and told in an overtly artificial way (think of how music is used and, for example, the very...

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International Film Styles: French New Wave »

James Clarke | Thursday March 21, 2013

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC A2, FM4, Section A: World Cinema, Analysis, Film Analysis, Film History, Cinema in Context, Film Industry, Film Distribution, Production Companies, Films & Case Studies, World Cinema, À Bout de Souffle, Les Quatre Cents Coups, Genres & Case Studies, French New Wave, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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In 1950, when he was only nineteen years old, Jean-Luc Godard, one day to become one the great filmmakers, wrote a piece for the French publication Gazette du Cinema called Towards A Political Cinema. Even at this young age, Godard was aware of cinema’s power to communicate ideas.

Jean-Luc Godard examines a strip of film

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Film history describes a wide range of film movements that have each had an often-short lifespan that’s been quite specific but the legacies of which have endured.

A movement in film, or indeed...

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World Cinema Topics: Empowering Women - Volver (2006) and Amores Perros (2000) »

Amy Charlewood | Monday February 04, 2013

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC A2, FM4, Section A: World Cinema, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, World Cinema, Amores Perros, Volver, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation, Theory, Film Theory

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It is important to firstly consider the context of this unit as an exploration of world cinema. World cinema is difficult to define; with most definitions reverting to that it can be defined simply as any cinema outside of the globally dominant industry of Hollywood or any non English language cinema. Often discussed as an alternative to Hollywood’s ‘dream factory’, World cinema tends to be perceived as possessing certain features offering an insight into another country’s culture, a low budget gritty representation of real life or having more artistic merit than...

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Ewan McGregor: British Film and Stars »

James Clarke | Thursday December 20, 2012

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC AS, FM2, Section B: British Film Topics, Analysis, Film Analysis, Film Industry, Film Distribution, Film Marketing, Film Publicity, Film Promotion, Production Companies, Films & Case Studies, Non-Hollywood Films, Trainspotting, Genres & Case Studies, British Film, Social Realism, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation, Theory, Film Theory

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Ewan McGregor is a major British film star who has appeared in a wide range of films that have been released globally since 1994. His career has combined performances in a range of lower budgeted feature films and work in highly budgeted, event films released by the major film studios. Over the course of almost twenty years McGregor has appeared in nearly fifty films.

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Professionally trained as an actor at London’s Guildhall, McGregor hails from Scotland and the narrative of his career progression from provincial Scotland to being an internationally recognized film star...

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Social Realism Case Study »

Rob Miller | Monday December 10, 2012

Categories: A Level, OCR A Level, OCR AS, Analysis, Film Analysis, Film History, Genres & Case Studies, Social Realism, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

Origins and Development

Social Realist films originate in the 1950s/1960s but drew in terms of their form and style from the British documentary tradition of the 1930s popularised by the GPO Film Unit (Nightmail) who ultimately became the Crown Film Unit at the start of WW2 (Fires Were Started, Britain Can Take It). In the 1960s social realist films became critically and commercially successful and benefitted from the fact that television was only a feature in some middle class households – people flocked to the cinema to see films like Billy Liar (1953), Cosh Boy (1953),...

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