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Bollywood 1990 - Present

Rob Miller | Friday March 14, 2014

Categories: A Level, WJEC A Level, WJEC A2, FM4, Section A: World Cinema, Analysis, Film Analysis, Films & Case Studies, World Cinema, Dilwale Dulhaniya Le Jayenge, Shree 420, Genres & Case Studies, Hot Entries, Key Concepts, Audience, Film Language, Representation

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WJEC A2 Film Studies FM4 Section A World Cinema: Aspects of National Cinema

This section of FM4 Section A: World Cinema does not require a comprehensive study of the period as long as there is some significance in the films chosen, and their relationship to the national cinema to which they belong. It is expected two principal films will be chosen, supplemented by briefer reference to one or two other films. As such, this resource (not an exemplar exam response) will focus on the following texts to give a historical and then a more contemporary context to Bollywood National Cinema:

  • Shree 420 (Raj Kapoor, 1955)
  • Dilwale Dulhaniya Le Jayenge (Aditya Chopra,1995)
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Hindi films (Bollywood), it has been argued has transcended a range of linguistic boundaries and regional loyalties in India. Film stars are national heroes and as such, are seen as the ‘most Indian’ of Indian citizens. Bollywood film has worked to integrate a disparate population and establish a sense of national identity but what must be remembered is that Bollywood is one, albeit very large part of an Indian film industry. Bollywood is based in Mumbai (previously Bombay) and is often incorrectly used to refer to the whole of Indian cinema. Other production centres make films in multiple languages but Bollywood has a united appeal and the term is globally familiar although the films are not generally widely globally distributed.

In Melodrama and the Negotiation of Morality in Mainstream Hindi Film talking about Bollywood films (from Consuming Modernity: Public Culture in a South Asian World, Minneapolis, 1998) Rosie Thomas states:

‘The Movies seem to be the single most powerful force in the formation of mass culture. The popularity and tremendous appeal of films and film music to the majority of Indians is a prime example…..With the cinema have come new concepts of speech, dress, life-style, values,...


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